Sushi is an art | Sushi was born around inland China | circa 300 BC Here are some of the most popular categories:
Nigiri: Pieces of fish on top of two balls of sushi rice, sometimes a slice of roasted Nori (seaweed) is put on to bind the fish to the rice and to add flavor and eye appeal. One order is 2 pieces.
Nigiri sushi is commonly called two kinds sushi because it involves two ingredients: sushi rice and a single topping.
In many restaurants, nigiri sushi is offered on a combination platter, so that diners can try several different types at once.
Uramaki: Sometimes called inside-out roll. This style of sushi has become very popular and is most seen in sushi bars in America. Some people say that it is popular in America because the Seaweed is hidden on the inside of the roll and sushi beginners are less intimidated to eat it. One order is usually 6 pieces but 8 pieces is also common.
Many people call uramaki “inside-out rolls,” and this preparation is especially common in the United States, appearing notably in the California Roll
Sashimi: Sliced fish attractivly served. Raw, cooked or pickled fish cut into 3-5 pieces. Usually presented on top of a few leaves of shiso and grated daikon with wasabi and ginger on the side.
It is one of the most famous dishes in the Japanese cuisine. Seafood is most commonly eaten as sashimi
Other types of meats (such as beef, horse and deer) and foods (such as yuba tofu skin and konnyaku) can also be served as sashimi.
Gunkan Nigiri: There is another form of Nigiri called Gunkan Nigiri. Gunkan means boat and this sushi gets the name from the way the main ingredient is held in place on top of the sushi rice. It is in a boat shape.
The three main types of sushi served as Gunkan Nigiri are Tobiko, Ikura (pictured), and Uni. One order is 2 pieces.
It is not necessary that it is contained by an algae, it can also use a strip of fish.
‘Gunkan’ in Japanese means boat
Hosomaki: Thin rolled sushi with very little rice. The Nori (Roasted seaweed) is rolled on the outside of the roll. One order of hosomaki is usually 6 pieces.
Typical hosomaki has a diameter of about two and a half centimeters (1 in).
The thin sushi roll was invented earlier than nigiri-zushi (finger sushi).
Chefs experiment with the filling depending on their theme.
Futomaki: Thick rolled sushi with many ingredients inside and each piece is very large. Many variations on futomaki have been seen. Nori can be on outside or inside and one order can be anywhere from 4-10 pieces.
A typical futomaki is five to six centimeters (2–2.5 in) in diameter.
They are often made with two, three, or more fillings that are chosen for their complementary tastes and colors.
Temaki: Hand Rolls that are meant to be eaten from the hand like an ice cream cone. One order is 1 cone filled with ingredients.
A typical temaki is about ten centimeters (4 in) long, and is eaten with fingers because it is too awkward to pick it up with chopsticks.